The field of energy is one of the most important fields of technology in the world. It is always considered as the main rail for the development of various technologies in the world. Therefore, Danesh-Baniyan Bahirsanat has started its activities in this field in the past years. The active projects in this collection are the design and construction of unilithium batteries, fuel cells, solar cells, flue gas purification of steam boilers, and helium gas extraction from natural gas.
Lithium ion battery is a family of rechargeable batteries that during discharge, lithium ions move from the negative electrode to the positive electrode and during discharge from the positive electrode to the negative electrode. Lithium-ion batteries are commonly used for portable electronics and electric vehicles, and their use in aerospace and military applications is increasing.
Energy is essential for all processes that occur throughout the world. We need energy for heating, cooling, feeding, vehicles, industries, etc. in life. Energy has always been necessary for us humans and especially for our life in modern society; Also, one of the most challenging issues that mankind has faced is energy production, which has developed over time. In recent decades, factors such as the reduction of non-renewable energy resources, environmental concerns and the need for energy security have increased, and the need to access new energy sources has shown itself more strongly than before. Renewable energies, clean energies and alternative energies (such as biofuels, etc.) are some types of new energy sources that have been developed to meet the needs. Several advantages have been provided by the development of new forms of energy; including reducing greenhouse emissions, economic benefits, improving public health and…
Considering the country’s need for more electrical energy and because of that, the construction of new power plants to produce electricity, the use of solar panels due to the lack of pollution and a lifespan of more than 25 years, as well as the state of high radiant power of the sun in Iran, is one of the ways to produce Electricity will be clean and stable.
The problem of air pollution in the country, especially in the winter season, has taken the breath of the big cities of the country and has become the basis of many diseases. According to the General Department of Environmental Protection of Isfahan province, a metropolis like Isfahan experienced only 2 days of clean air in 1401 until February of the same year. Isfahan is one of the most polluted cities in Iran with 136 days of unhealthy air for sensitive groups and 27 days of unhealthy air for the general public.
Air pollution in big cities has many causes, one of the most prominent of these causes is fuel oil burning by industries and power plants. Diesel fuel is high in sulfur, and in combustion, in addition to sulfur oxides, it emits sulfates, nitrates, suspended particles, and other toxic gases.
Iran’s gas reserves have large amounts of helium, and on the other hand, no equipment for extracting helium from natural gas has been built and launched. This issue increases the importance of investigating and knowing the best methods for extracting this valuable gas. According to published statistics, the global demand for helium increases by 5-7% annually. In recent years, a number of helium recovery equipments have been installed and launched in Algeria, Qatar and Australia. In the current situation, Qatar takes an average of 25 million cubic meters of helium gas from the South Pars joint field every year. At present, South Pars is known as the largest reserve of this ultra-light gas with more than 29% of the world’s helium gas reserves, and after this joint gas field between Iran and Qatar, Russia and the United States of America has the largest helium gas reserve in the world. have. But it is predicted that taking into account these units, in the near future, the global demand for helium will exceed its production, and this difference in the supply and demand of helium will increase the price of helium.
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